Russian warplanes have bombed a refugee camp in the northwestern province of Idlib, which is controlled by Syrian rebel forces. At least nine people were killed and dozens injured, rescuers and witnesses said.

Opposition activists and first responders said government forces fired about 30 rockets at the Maram camp on Sunday, Al-Jazeera reported. Nine people were killed and 25 injured.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), a UK-based war monitor, said Russian warplanes had launched four operations in western Idlib. The organization has been documenting violence in Syria since the uprising began in 2011.

In response, rebel fighters targeted government positions in the Saraqeb and al-Ghab plains east of Idlib with artillery and missiles.

The attacks are the latest violation of a March 2020 ceasefire between Russia and Turkey that ended a Russian-backed government offensive in Idlib province. It is the last significant rebel-held stronghold in Syria.

There have been repeated ceasefire violations over the past two years. In July, a Russian airstrike in Idlib killed seven civilians, including four children of a family.

Six people, including two children and a woman, were killed during shelling in at least six camps, according to the opposition Syrian Civil Defense Force White Helmets. Also 75 others were injured.

The pro-government Sham FM radio station reported the attack targeting the positions of the al-Qaeda-linked Hayat Tahrir al-Sham group, the most powerful militia in Idlib.

Russia and Iran back Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, while Turkey backs opposition forces. Moscow’s intervention on behalf of the government in 2015 turned the tide of the conflict.

(November 7)